Music Academy

Subject: graduation project

Academic advisor: Grace Gutierrez

Desing of a music school system connected to the public schools, based on El Sistema (Venezuela) and the Center for Childhood Musicalization of the Music School of the Federal University of Minas Gerais, among other similar projects, aiming for the democratization of access to classical music teaching. Design of an academy as head office of the system. Detailing of acoustical adequacy of learning and performing spaces – Reverberation Time and expected noise reduction level, according to the activities performed.

Keywords: education, music, concert room, architectural acoustics

History of music teaching in Brazil – a general view

Source: AMATO, 2006; CÁRICOL, 2012

Theme Justification

  1. The Law of Basic Guidelines in Education, since 2008, establishes the teaching of music as mandatory for elemental schools. However, there are currently not enough qualified teacher to fulfill this demand.

  2. Places of entertainement and performing of music, theater and dance in Belo Horizonte are overconcentrated in the central part of the city, making access difficult for people living in the outskirts, due to bus prices and diminishing of bus line services at night.

    mapa de localização dos teatros
    Belo Horizonte – map of theater and performance spaces (2014) by seating capacity

Pedagogic References

  1. El Sistema: national system of orchestras and youth choirs of Venezuela – a project for democratic access to classical music, also used as basis for social transformation of communities.

    • el-sistema_1
    • el-sistema_2
  2. Cariúnas Project: from Belo Horizonte, with head office in the north side of town, offers free music classes and musicalization courses for local students.

    • cariunas_1
    • cariunas_2
  3. CMI – Center for Childhood Musicalization: a project offered by graduates and undergrads of the UFMG Music School, offers music lessons, intruments and group practices for local children, including kids of university faculty members. At the same time, serves as a capacitating course for undergraduates, throught internship, to practical teaching of music.

  4. Interviews: Rosa Lúcia Braga – director of the Núcleo Villa-Lobos private music school
    Margarida Borghoff – director of the UFMG Conservatory of Music

Pedagogic Program

Instruments offered (by minimal age)

Initial System Design

Criteria – Linked to public school network | geographically spread out | proximity to mass public transportation lines

Location – Horto Florestal neighborhood, east side. Lot property of the state of Minas Gerais

Lot analysis

Location of external noise sources, vegetation, street hierarchy, predominant winds, favorable and unfavorable insolation sides

fontes de ruído externas

Sketch of car (black) and pedestrian (yellow) access to the lot

esquemas de acesso


topografia - altimetria

Declivity map

mapa de declividade

Design Guidelines

Stimulant spaces – bright and vibrant colors, creative environment and use of multimidia interaction

Visual Communication between floors in circulation spaces – leading to lingering areas

East and West entrances, to accord for people coming by bus (avenue on west) or subway (station to the east)

Take advantage of the view – value east and south facades

Create areas for communal use, to serve surrounding neighborhoods, also acting as informal performance spaces

Needs diagram



East facade

West facade

Circulation diagram



forced ventilation diagram

Reverberation Time – 500Hz (medium frequency)

Curtains shut – RT = 0,53s
Curtains drawn – RT = 0,91s


Reverberation Time – 500Hz (medium frequency)

Auditorium (curtains drawn) – RT = 0,86s
Recital room (curtains shut) – RT = 0,95s
Recital room (curtains drawn) – RT = 1,26s


sala concertos 8
  • sala concertos 1
    sala concertos 2
    sala concertos 3
    sala concertos 4
    sala concertos 5
    sala concertos 6
    sala concertos 7

Study – geometric acoustics (ray tracing)



Diagram of sound diffusers / absorbers

Reverberation Time calculation – Sabine Formula

example – for 250Hz

Graphic – Reverberation Time